A tincture or extract, is simply an alcohol or non-alcohol based liquid medicine using a cold infusion process. Cold infusion means that no heat is applied to making the medicine.
To make a tincture, you simply place your clean herbs, roots, spices of choice in a jar and cover with liquid of choice, then shake daily until done (which is a minimum of 2 weeks). Recipes and amounts vary depending on the plant and its properties.
The solvent draws out the healing properties of the plant and stores them in the solvent molecules.
Tincture Solvent Substances
Apple Cider Vinegar
Everclear (very popular)
Or any alcohol that does not have sugar added like rum, etc.
Choose the solvent that works for you. Many herbalists will insist you use a 100 proof alcohol, but this isn’t about being the perfect herbalist. Your medicine is for you. Make your medicine with the solvent that works for you!
When using apple cider vinegar, make sure to not let the vinegar touch any kind of metal, or you will end up the gunkiest, black goo you could ever imagine. It will look like a sci fi experiment gone wrong. When I use apple cider vinegar, I cover the solvent with plastic wrap before adding my lid.
When straining the material out, you’ll want to use cheesecloth or muslin. (No metal strainers!)
Pour into amber glass bottles and enjoy.